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  اشهر المخترعين

Edward Goodrich Acheson
Received a patent for carborundum -the hardest man-made surface and was needed to bring about the industrial age.

Thomas Adams
The history of how Thomas Adams first tried to change chicle into automobile tires, before making it into a chewing gum.

Howard Aiken
Worked on the Mark computer series. An in-depth feature from the "History of Computers".

Ernest F. W. Alexanderson
The engineer whose high-frequency alternator gave America its start in the field of radio communication.

George Edward Alcorn
Alcorn invented a new type of x-ray spectrometer.

Andrew Alford
Invented the localizer antenna system for radio navigation systems.

Randi Altschul
Randice-Lisa Altschul invented the world's first disposable cell phone. The history of cell phones.

Luis Walter Alvarez
Received patents for a radio distance and direction indicator, a landing system for aircrafts, a radar system for locating planes and the hydrogen bubble chamber, used to detect subatomic particles.

Virgie Ammons
Invented a firepace dampening device.

Dr. Betsy Ancker-Johnson
The third women elected to the National Academy of engineering. Ancker-Johnson holds US patent #3287659.

Mary Anderson
Anderson patented the windshield wipers in 1905.

Virginia Apgar
Invented a newborn scoring system called the "Apgar Score" for assessing the health of newborn infants.

The history of Archimedes, a mathematician from ancient Greece. He invented the Archimedes screw (a device for raising water).

Edwin Howard Armstrong
Invented a method of receiving high-frequency oscillations, part of every radio and television today.

Barbara Askins
Developed a totally new way of processing film.

John Atanasoff
Determining who was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC.

Charles Babbage
English mathematician that invented a precursor to the computer.

George H. Babcock
Received a patent for the water tube steam boiler, a safer and more efficient boiler.

John Backus
The first high level computer programming language, Fortran was written by John Backus and IBM.

Leo Baekeland & Plastic
Leo Hendrik Baekeland patented a "Method of Making Insoluble Products of Phenol and Formaldehyde". Research plastic history, uses for and the making of plastic, plastic in the fifties, and visit an online plastic museum.

John Logie Baird
Remembered for the mechanical television (an earlier version of television) Baird also patented inventions related to radar and fiber optics.

Benjamin Banneker
His inventive spirit would lead Banneker into publishing a Farmers' Almanac.

Robert Banks
Robert Banks and fellow research chemist Paul Hogan invented a durable plastic called Marlex®.

John Bardeen
Received a patent for the transistor invented in 1947.

Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi - Statue of Liberty
Earned U.S. Patent #11,023 for a "Design for a Statue".

Patricia Bath
The first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical invention.

Alfred Beach
Editor and co-owner of "Scientific American", Beach was awarded patents for an improvement he made to typewriters (1857), for a cable traction railway system (1864) and for a pneumatic transit system for mail and passengers (1865).

Andrew Jackson Beard
Received a patent for a railroad car coupler and a rotary engine.

Arnold O. Beckman
Invented an apparatus for testing acidity.

George Bednorz
In 1986, K. Alex Müller and Johannes Georg Bednorz invented the first high-temperature superconductor.

S. Joseph Begun
Patented magnetic recording.

Alexander Graham Bell
Bell and the telephone -- the history of the telephone and cellular phone history.

Vincent Bendix
Automotive and aviation inventor and industrialist.

Miriam E. Benjamin
Ms. Benjamin was the second black woman to receive a patent. She received a patent for a "Gong and Signal Chair for Hotels".

Willard H. Bennett
Invented the radio frequency mass spectrometer.

Karl Benz
On January 29, 1886, Karl Benz received his first patent for a crude gas-fueled car.

Emile Berliner
Invented the disk gramophone. The history of the gramophone.

Tim Berners-Lee
Invented the World Wide Web and HTML or hypertext markup language.

Clifford Berry
Determining who was first in the computer biz is not always as easy as ABC.

Henry Bessemer
An English engineer who invented the first process for mass-producing steel inexpensively.

Patricia Billings
Invented a indestructible and fireproof building material--Geobond®.

Edward Binney
Co-invented Crayola Crayons.

Gerd Karl Binnig
Co-invented the scanning tunneling microscope.

Forrest M. Bird
Invented the fluid control device; respirator and the pediatric ventilator.

Clarence Birdseye
Invented a method to make commercial frozen foods.

Harold Stephen Black
Invented the wave translation system that eliminates feedback distortion in telephone calls.

Henry Blair
The second black man issued a patent by the United States Patent Office.

Lyman Reed Blake
An American who invented a sewing machine for sewing the soles of shoes to the uppers. In 1858, he received a patent for his special sewing machine.

Katherine Blodgett
Invented the non-reflecting glass.

Bessie Blount
Invented a device to help a disabled person eat.

Baruch S. Blumberg
Co-invented a vaccine against viral hepatitis and developed a test that identified hepatitis B in blood sample.

Joseph-Armand Bombardier
Bombardier developed in 1958 the type of sport machine that we know today as a "snowmobile".

Sarah Boone
An improvement to the ironing board (U.S. Patent #473,653) was invented by African American Sarah Boone on April 26, 1892.

Eugene Bourdon
In 1849, the Bourdon tube pressure gauge was patented by Eugene Bourdon.

Robert Bower
Invented a device that provided semiconductors with more speed.

Bill Bowerman - Sneakers
Co-invented the modern athletic shoe.

Herbert Boyer
Considered the founding father of genetic engineering.

Otis Boykin
Invented an improved "Electrical Resistor" used in computers, radios, television sets, and a variety of electronic devices.

Louis Braille
Invented braille printing.

Joseph Bramah
A pioneer in the machine tool industry.

Dr. Jacques Edwin Brandenberger
Cellophane was invented in 1908 by Brandenberger, a Swiss textile engineer, who came up with the idea for a clear and protective, packaging film.

Walter H. Brattain
Co-invented the transistor - invented in 1947.

Karl Braun
Electronic television is based on the development of the cathode ray tube that is the picture tube found in modern television sets. German scientist, Karl Braun invented the cathode ray tube oscilloscope (CRT) in 1897.

Allen Breed
Patented the first successful car air bag.

Charles Brooks
C. B. Brooks invented an improved street sweeper truck.

Phil Brooks
Patented the first "Disposable Syringe".

Henry Brown
Patented a "receptacle for storing and preserving papers" on November 2, 1886. It was special in that it kept the papers separated. Perhaps an early forerunner to the Filofax?

Rachel Fuller Brown
Invented the world's first useful antifungal antibiotic, Nystatin.

John Moses Browning
Prolific gun inventor known for his automatic pistols.

Luther Burbank
Holds agricultural patents on different types of potatoes (Idaho), peaches etc.

Joseph H. Burckhalter
Co-patented first antibody labeling agent.

William Seward Burroughs
Invented the first practical adding and listing machine.

Nolan Bushnell
Invented the video game Pong and is perhaps the father of computer entertainment.

Marvin Camras
His famous inventions are used in modern recording heads, magnetic sound for motion pictures, tape machines and video tape recording decks.

Chester F Carlson
Received a patent for electrophotography, the history of the Xerox or photocopy machine.

Wallace Hume Carothers
A brilliant and tragic mind, Carothers was the brains behind Dupont and the history of synthetic fibers.

Willis Carrier
Brought us the comfort zone with "Air Conditioning."

George Carruthers
Behind the invention of the far-ultraviolet camera and spectrograph.

Alexander J Cartwright
The game of baseball was invented by Cartwright.

Edmund Cartwright
A cleric and the inventor of the power loom.

Benjamin Carson
A pioneer in surgery technology.

George Washington Carver
Agricultural chemist who invented three hundred uses for peanuts and hundreds more uses for soybeans, pecans and sweet potatoes; and changed the history of agriculture in the south.

Vinton Cerf
Invented Internet protocols.

Emmett W Chappelle
A noted biochemist, photobiologist, and astrochemist.

William Hale Charch
Moisture proof cellophane.

John B Christian
Invented and patented new lubricants, used in high flying aircraft and NASA space missions.

Josephine Garis Cochran
In 1886, Cochran invented the dishwasher in Shelbyville, Illinois.

Adam Cohen
Invented the "electrochemical paintbrush", nanotechnology used in etching microchips.

Stanley Cohen
The founding father of genetic engineering.

Harry A. Cole
Invented Pine-Sol in 1929.

Samuel Colt
Inventor of the colt revolver.

Frank B Colton
Invented Enovid - the history of the first oral contraceptive.

Lloyd H Conover
Invented the antibiotic tetracycline, the most prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotic in the history of the United States.

William D Coolidge
Invented the X-Ray tube - the history of the "Coolidge Tube".

Martin Cooper
Inventor of the modern cell phone.

Peter Cooper
The history of the inventor of the Tom Thumb locomotive and Jello.

Martha J Coston
Recieved a patent for the pyrotechnic signaling system known as maritime signal flares.

Donald Cotton
Invented propellants for nuclear reactors.

Frederick G Cottrell
Invented a electrostatic precipitator called the 'Cottrell' that removed particles/pollution smoke or gases in smokestacks.

Ed Cox
Ed Cox invented a pre-soaped pad with which to clean pots.

Joseph Coyetty
Designed and sold toilet paper.

Seymour Cray
Invented the Cray Supercomputer - the history of supercomputers.

David Crosthwait
Crosthwait holds thirty-nine patents for heating systems and temperature regulating devices. He is known for creating the heating system in New York City's famous Radio City Music Hall.

Dianne Croteau
Invented Actar 911, the CPR mannequin.

Marie Curie
Also known as Madame Curie - discovered radium and furthered x-ray technology.

Gottlieb Daimler
Invented a gas engine that allowed for a revolution in car design.

Raymond V Damadian
Invented the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner that has revolutionized the field of diagnostic medicine.

Abraham Darby
English scientist that invented coke smelting and advanced the mass production of brass and iron goods.

Newman Darby
Innovations in windsurfing.

Charles Darrow
Designed a later version of the game Monopoly.

Joseph Dart
In 1842, the first grain elevator was built by Dart.

Leonardo DaVinci
The Renaissance man - learn about the artist as a famous inventor, his inventions, and his life.

Humphry Davy
Invented the first electric light.

Mark Dean
Co-invented improvements in computer architecture that allow IBM compatible PCs to share the same peripheral devices.

John Deere
Invented the self-polishing cast steel plow.

Lee Deforest
Invented space telegraphy with the triode amplifier.

Ronald Demon
Received a patent for the "Smart Shoe".

Robert Dennard
Received a patent for RAM or random access memory.

Sir James Dewar
He was the creator of the Dewar flask, the first thermos, and the co-created cordite, a smokeless gunpowder.

Earle Dickson
Invented bandaids.

Rudolf Diesel
Invented the diesel-fueled internal combustion engine.

Daniel DiLorenzo
DiLorenzo designed, built, and microsurgically implanted neuroelectric interfaces that provide a patient with the sensory feedback otherwise lacking in paralyzed or even prosthetic limbs.

Walt Disney
Produced many famous animated films - invented the multiplane camera.

Carl Djerassi
Invented oral contraceptives.

Marion Donovan
The convenient disposable diaper was invented by New Yorker, Donovan in 1950.

Toshitada Doi
Aibo creator - numerous patents.

Herbert Henry Dow
Herbert Dow was the famous inventor of a process of extracting Bromine, the founder of Dow Chemicals, and also invented electric light carbons, steam and internal combustion engines, automatic furnace controls, and water seals.

Charles Stark Draper
Invented a gyroscope that stabilized and balanced gunsights, bombsights and launching long-range missiles.

Cornelis Jacobszoon Drebbel
Among Drebbel's many inventions are: the first navigable submarine, a scarlet dye, and a thermostat for a self-regulating oven.

Dr. Charles Richard Drew
The first person to develop the blood bank.

Richard G Drew
Banjo playing, 3M engineer, Richard Drew invented Scotch Tape.

D F Duncan Sr
Duncan created the first US yo-yo fad.

John Dunlop
The famous inventor of the first practical pneumatic or inflatable tyre/tire.

Graham John Durant
The co-creator of Tagamet - inhibits the production of stomach acid.

Peter Durand
Invented the tin can.

Charles and Frank Duryea
They founded America's first company to manufacture and sell gasoline-powered vehicles.

Charles Eames - Ray Eames
Ranked among the most important of industrial designers. They are best known for their groundbreaking contributions to architecture, furniture design, industrial design, manufacturing, and the photographic arts.

George Eastman
Invented dry, transparent, and flexible photographic film

Presper Eckert
Behind the history of the ENIAC computer.

Harold E "Doc" Edgerton
Doc Edgerton invented high-speed stroboscopic photography.

Thomas Edison
All of Thomas Edison's major inventions.

Brendan Eich
Created JavaScript.

Gustave Eiffel
Built the Eiffel Tower for the Paris World's Fair of 1889, which honored the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution.

Albert Einstein
Einstein developed the special and general theories of relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. Einstein's theories lead to the invention of nuclear power and the atomic bomb.

Gertrude Belle Elion
Invented the leukemia fighting drug 6-mercaptopurine, drugs that facilitated kidney transplants and drugs for the treatment of cancer.

Thomas Elkins
African American inventor - view his three U.S. patents.

Philip Emeagwali
In 1989, Emeagwali won the Gordon Bell Prize for inventing supercomputer software.

John Emmett
Received a patent for Tagamet - inhibits the production of stomach acid.

Douglas Engelbart
Invented the computer mouse and the first GUI software before Microsoft or Apple.

John Ericsson
The history of the propelling steam vessels.

Oliver Evans
Pioneered the high-pressure steam engine.

Ole Evinrude
Invented the outboard motor.

Federico Faggin
Received a patent for the first computer microprocessor.

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
The German physicist who invented the alcohol thermometer in 1709 and the mercury thermometer in 1714. In 1724, he introduced the temperature scale that bears his name.

Michael Faraday
Faraday's biggest breakthrough in electricity was his invention of the electric motor.

Philo T Farnsworth
The full story of the farm boy who conceived the basic operating principles of electronic television at the age of thirteen.

James Fergason
Invented liquid crystal display or LCD.

Enrico Fermi
Fermi and the history of the neutronic reactor.

George W Ferris
The first ferris wheel was invented by bridge-builder, George Ferris.

Reginald Fessenden
In 1900, Fessenden transmitted the world's first voice message.

John Fitch
Made the first successful trial of a steamboat. The history of steamboats.

Edith Flanigen
Received a patent for a petroleum refining method and was one of the most inventive chemists of all times.

Alexander Fleming
Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming. The history of penicillin.

Sir Sandford Fleming
Invented standard time.

Thomas J Fogarty
Invented the embolectomy balloon catheter, a medical device.

Henry Ford
Improved the "assembly line" for automobile manufacturing, received a patent for a transmission mechanism, and popularized the gas-powered car with the Model-T.

Jay W Forrester
A pioneer in digital computer development and invented random access, coincident-current, magnetic storage.

Sally Fox
Invented naturally colored cotton.

Benjamin Franklin
Invented the lightning rod, the iron furnace stove or 'Franklin Stove', bifocal glasses, and the odometer.

Helen Murray Free
Invented the home diabetes test.

Art Fry
3M chemist who invented Post-It Notes as a temporary bookmarker.

Buckminster Fuller
Invented the geodesic dome in 1954.

Robert Fulton
American engineer, who brought steamboating to commercial success.

Frances Gabe
Gabe and the history of the "Self-Cleaning House".

Dr. Dennis Gábor
Developed the theory of holography while working to improve the resolution of an electron microscope.

Galileo Galilei
One of the greatest scientists of all history Galileo had proved that the planets revolve around the sun not the earth as people thought at the time. He also invented a crude thermometer, early telescope, and contributed to the invention of the clock.

Luigi Galvani
Demonstrated what we now understand to be the electrical basis of nerve impulses.

Charon Robin Ganellin
Received a patent for Tagamet - inhibits the production of stomach acid.

John Garand
Invented the M1 semiautomatic rifle or Garand rifle in 1934.

Samuel Gardiner
Inventor of the high explosive rifle bullet.

Bill Gates
The chairman of Microsoft, their chief software architect, and the creator of many early PC software programs.

Richard Gatling
Inventor of the Gatling gun

William Ged
The Scottish goldsmith who invented stereotyping in 1725, a process in which a whole page of type is cast in a single mold so that a printing plate can be made from it.

Joseph Gerber
Invented the Gerber Variable Scale® and the GERBERcutter®.

Edmund Germer
Invented a high-pressure vapor lamp. His development of the improved fluorescent lamp and the high-pressure mercury-vapor lamp allowed for more economical lighting with less heat.

A C Gilbert
Invented the Erector Set - a child's building toy.

William Gilbert
Father of electricity who first coined the term "electricity" from the Greek word for amber.

Lillian Gilbreth
An inventor, author, industrial engineer, industrial psychologist, and mother of twelve children.

King Camp Gillette
Invented the disposable balde safety razor.

Charles P Ginsburg
Developed the first practical videotape recorder (VTR).

Robert H Goddard
Goddard and the history of liquid-fueled rockets.

Sarah E Goode
The first African American woman to receive a US patent.

Charles Goodyear
Made improvements in the indian-rubber fabrics used in tires.

James Gosling
Invented Java, a programming language and environment.

Gordon Gould
Invented the laser.

Meredith C Gourdine
Invented electrogasdynamics systems.

Bette Nesmith Graham
Invented "Liquid Paper".

Sylvester Graham
Invented Graham Crackers in 1829.

Temple Grandin
Invented livestock handling devices.

Arthur Granjean
Invented the "Etch-A-Sketch" - a child's reusable drawing tool.

George Grant
An improved tapered golf tee was patented in 1899 by George F. Grant.

Wilson Greatbatch
Invented an implantable cardiac pacemaker.

Leonard Michael Greene
Invented a stall warning device for airplanes. Greene has patented dozens of inventions related to aviation technology.

Chester Greenwood
A grammar school dropout, Greenwood invented earmuffs at the age of 15 and accumulated over 100 patents in his lifetime.

David Paul Gregg
First envisioned the optical or laser disc in 1958 and patented it in 1969.

KK Gregory
The ten-year-old famous inventor of Wristies®.

Al Gross
Invented a walkie talkie radio and a telephone pager.

Rudolf Gunnerman
Invented water-based fuels.

Johannes Gutenberg
In 1450, Gutenberg made his first printing press.

Charles Martin Hall
Discovered an electrolytic method of producing aluminum cheaply, putting aluminum into the first wide commercial use in history.

Lloyd Augustus Hall
Invented meat curing products, seasonings, emulsions, bakery products, antioxidants, protein hydrolysates and many other products.

Joyce Hall
A youthful picture postcard peddler who became the big name in greeting cards by starting Hallmark Cards. The history of Hallmark Cards.

Robert Hall
In 1962, Hall invented the semiconductor injection laser, a device now used in all compact disk players and laser printers, and most optical fiber communications systems. Hall also invented the magnetron that operates in most microwave ovens.

Sir William Hamilton
As well as giving his name to the company he founded in 1939, Hamilton was a famous New Zealander, who invented the modern waterjet propulsion system.

Thomas Hancock
An Englishmen, who founded the British rubber industry. He is best known for his invention of the masticator, a machine that shreds rubber scraps, so rubber could be recycled. The history of rubber.

Ruth Handler
The Barbie doll was invented in 1959 - the history of Barbie.

William Edward Hanford
Received a patent for polyurethane in 1942. The hsitory of polyurethane.

James Hargreaves
Invented the spinning jenny.

Elizabeth Lee Hazen
Invented the world's first useful antifungal antibiotic, Nystatin.

Heinrich Hertz
Hertz was the first to demonstrate the production and detection of Maxwell's waves that lead to the invention of radio.

Lester Hendershot
The Hendershot Generator was alleged to produce useable electric power in the range of 200 to 300 watts in 1930.

Beulah Henry
All told, Beulah Henry had about 110 inventions and 49 patents under her belt.

Joseph Henry
An important American scientist and the first Director of the Smithsonian Institution.

William R Hewlett
Invented the audio oscillator and co-founded the electronics company, Hewlett-Packard - the history of Hewlett Packard.

Rene Alphonse Higonnet
Invented the first practical phototypesetting machine.

Wolf H Hilbertz
Invented sea-cretion, a construction material made from the electrolytic deposition of minerals from seawater.

Lance Hill
A rotary clothes line was developed and marketed by Australian, Lance Hill.

James Hillier
Part of the development of the electron microscope.

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
Hodgkin used X-Rays to find the structural layouts of atoms and the overall molecular shape of over 100 molecules including: penicillin, vitamin B-12, vitamin D and insulin.

Marcian Hoff
Received a patent for the first computer microprocessor - the history of microprocessor.

Paul Hogan
Paul Hogan and fellow research chemist Robert Banks invented a durable plastic called Marlex.

Herman Hollerith
Invented a punch-card tabulation machine system for statistical computation.

Richard M Hollingshead
Received a patent for; and opened the first drive-in theater.

Krisztina Holly
Co-invented the telephony software called Visual Voice.

Donald Fletcher Holmes
Received a patent for polyurethane in 1942.

Robert Hooke
Hooke was perhaps the single greatest experimental scientist of the seventeenth century.

Erna Schneider Hoover
Invented the computerized telephone switching system.

Grace Hopper
A computer genius associated the Mark Computer series - the history of computers.

Eugene Houdry
Invented the manufacture of liquid fuels, the catalytic muffler and a synthetic rubber process.

Elias Howe
Patented the first American made sewing machine.

David Edward Hughes
Invented the carbon microphone that was essential to the development of telephone.

Walter Hunt
Invented the safety pin in 1849.

Christian Huygens
Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and inventor who was the leading proponent of the wave theory of light.

Mary Phelps Jacob
Mary Jacob and the history of the bra. Several patents were issued for women's undergarments.

Clayton Jacobsen II
Invented the Jet Ski.

Joseph Marie Jacquard
Invented the Jacquard Loom that weaved complex designs.

Eli Janney
The Janney coupler was an improvement in railroad car couplers that became the standard for the railroad freightcar couplers used even today.

Robert Jarvik
Invented the Jarvik 7 artificial heart.

Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States, who invented the swivel chair, the spherical sundial, the moldboard plow and the cipher wheel.

Charles Francis Jenkins
Jenkins invented a mechanical television system called radiovision and claimed to have transmitted the earliest moving silhouette images on June 14, 1923.

Thomas Jennings
The first African American man to receive a patent on March 3, 1821 (US patent 3306x).

Steve Jobs
One of the forces behind the Apple computer.

Amanda Theodosia Jones
Changed the history of American food production by inventing vacuum packed canning.

Frederick Jones
Invented the first automatic refrigeration system for long-haul trucks.

Jack Johnson
The world's first African American heavyweight champion in history, also received a patent for a wrench (U.S.patent#1,413,121) on April the 18th, 1922.

Lonnie Johnson
Invented the Super Soaker®, a squirt gun. Johnson also invented thermodynamics systems, on the side.

Willis Johnson
Patented an improved mechanical egg beater on February 5, 1884.

Marjorie Stewart Joyner
Invented a permanent wave machine that would allow a hairdo to stay set for days.

Whitcomb Judson
Invented the "Clasp Locker", an early version of the zipper.

Ernest Everett Just
Eminent marine biologist, considered a leader and authority for his work with cell development.

Percy Lavon Julian
Julian received patents for synthesizing the medicines physostigmine for glaucoma, and cortisone for rheumatoid arthritis. He also received a patent for fire-extinguishing equipment.

Dean Kamen
Dean Kamen invented a portable medication technology.

Nathan Kane
Invented an improved bellows, a modular hydrostatic bearing for machine tools, an opaque overhead projector for children to view artwork and even a TV remote control embedded in a Nerf-like football.

John Kay
Invented the flying shuttle.

Donald Keck
Known for his fiber-optic communications inventions, Donald Keck co-invented fiber-optic wire.

Anna Keichline
Architect, Anna Keichline created inventions for the home.

Johannes Kepler
Invented log books that he used as a tool for calculating planetary positions, eyeglasses for near and far sighted persons, the convex eyepiece, and the quintile and biquintile (astronomy) aspects.

Charles Franklin Kettering
Invented the first electrical ignition system for the car and the first practical engine-driven generator.

Mary Kies
The first women to receive a US patent on May 15, 1809.

Jack St Clair Kilby
Invented the microchip.

Gabriele Knecht
Patented the Forward Sleeve design for creating clothing.

Richard Knerr
Co-invented the modern hula hoop.

Phil Knight
Co-invented the modern athletic shoe or sneakers.

Margaret Knight
An employee in a paper bag factorywho invented a new machine part to make square bottoms for paper bags.

Willem Kolff
The inventor of the artificial kidney dialysis machine.

Roscoe Koontz
Designed a pinhole gamma ray camera and collimator and helped to design and fabricate automatic air and water sampling equipment and radiation activity measuring devices.

Stephanie Louise Kwolek
Invented para-aramid fibers (Kevlar), used in mooring ropes, fiber-optic cables, aircraft parts, canoes and bullet-resistant vests.

Hedy Lamarr
Famous movie star and inventor.

John W Lambert
America's first gasoline-powered automobile was the 1891 Lambert car.

Edwin Herbert Land
The history of polaroid photography.

Samuel Pierpont Langley
Aviation innovator.

Irving Langmuir
Invented the incandescent electric lamp and the high-vacuum electron tube.

Lewis Howard Latimer
Invented the water closet for railroad cars, an electric lamp with an inexpensive carbon filament and a threaded wooden socket for light bulbs.

Imants Lauks
Canadian, Imants Lauks invented the silicon chip blood analyzer in 1986.

Ernest Orlando Lawrence
Invented the cyclotron, a device that greatly increased the speed with which projectiles could be hurled at atomic nuclei.

William P Lear
Invented the eight track tape. The history of car radios.

Hugh Le Caine
Music synthesizer invented by Hugh Le Caine in 1945.

Robert S Ledley
Received a patent for diagnostic X-Ray scanner or Cat-Scan.

Joseph Lee
Patented two machines for the food service industry.

Antony Van Leeuwenhoek
Invented the first practical microscope.

Jerome Lemelson
One of the most prolific American of all history and received countless patents.

Dr. Julius Edgar Lilienfeld
Lilienfeld received a patent for a method of cryogenic separation of gases in 1915. He received patents for X-Ray tube technology, point junction transistors, and numerous other inventions.

James Bowman Lindsay
He made early progress on several innovations which were not fully developed until long after his death, including the electric light bulb, wireless telegraphy, and arc-welding. The history of welding.

Ed Link
Father of flight simulation who received a patent on a device he called the "Pilot Maker".

Pierre Lorillard
Invented the tuxedo.

John Lee Love
Love's invention was the very simple and portable pencil sharpener that many artists use today.

Edward Lowe
Made the trademark name "Kitty Litter" a part of the American vocabulary.

Paul MacCready
Invented the first human-powered flying machine in history.

Charles Macintosh
Received a patent for a method for making waterproof garments by using rubber dissolved in coal-tar naphtha for cementing two pieces of cloth together. The mackintosh raincoat was named after Charles Macintosh.

Cluny MacPherson
Canadian, Cluny MacPherson invented the Macpherson gas mask and started the first St. John's Ambulance Brigade.

Akhil Madhani
Honored with the Lemelson-MIT Award for his robotics invention.

Theodore Harold Maiman
Received a patent for the Ruby Laser System.

Guglielmo Marconi
In 1895, Marconi invented equipment that transmitted electrical signals through the air (part of telegraphy and radio transmission).

Warren Marrison
Developed the first quartz clock.

Stanley Mason
Invented a clothespin fishing lure, the first disposable contoured diapers, the squeezable ketchup bottle, the granola bar, a heated pizza box, plastic microwave cookingware, and a dental floss dispenser.

Thomas Massie
Invented the haptic computer interface, a computer interface system that enhances virtual reality.

Sybilla Masters
The first women ever recorded in history for inventing. However, women have been inventing since the dawn of time without the deserved recognition.

Jan Ernst Matzeliger
Developed an automatic method for lasting shoes and made the mass-production of affordable shoes possible.

John W Maunchly
Co-invented the ENIAC computer.

Robert D Maurer
Invented fiber-optic communication innovations and co-invented fiber-optic wire.

Stanley Mazor
Received a patent for the first computer microprocessor. The history of the microprocessor.

Hiram Maxim
Inventor of the Maxim Machine Gun.

James Clerk Maxwell
One of the world's greatest physicists.

Cyrus Hall McCormick
A Chicago industrialist who invented the first commercially successful reaper, a horse-drawn machine that harvested wheat.

Elijah McCoy
McCoy is best known for inventing the automatic oil cup. During his life, he invented and sold 57 different kinds of devices and machine parts including an ironing board and a lawn sprinkler.

James McLurkin
Invented "Robot Ants" robots.

Arthur Melin
Co-invented the modern hula hoop.

Gerardus Mercator
The Mercator map projection was invented by Gerardus Mercator as a navigation tool.

Ottmar Mergenthaler
Invented the linotype-composing machine in 1886.

George de Mestral
Invented VELCRO and Mother Nature could not have made it better herself.

Robert Metcalfe
Introduced the world to network computing with the ethernet.

Antonio Meucci
American-Italian inventor.

Alexander Miles
Invented an improved elevator.

John A Miller
The "Thomas Edison" of roller coasters.

Irving Millman
Co-invented a vaccine against viral hepatitis and developed a test that identified hepatitis B in blood samples.

Dennis Moeller
Co-invented improvements in computer architecture that allows IBM compatible PCs to share the same peripheral devices.

Ann Moore
Invented the Snugli baby carrier.

Gordon E Moore
The Intel co-founder and chairman emeritus discusses the birth of the microprocessor, giving the history a very personal flavor.

Garrett A Morgan
Invented a gas mask and received a patent for a traffic light.

William G Morgan
Invented volleyball in 1895, at a YMCA in Holyoke, MA.

Krysta Morlan
Invented a device that relieves the irritation caused by wearing a cast - the cast cooler.

William Morrison - Walter Frederick Morrison
A plastic version of the Frisbie.

William Morrison
Built a electric-powered six-passenger wagon in 1891.

Samuel Morse
Invented telegraph wires and Morse code, an electronic alphabet patented in 1840. The first telegraph read, "What hath God wrought!".

Andrew J Moyer
Moyer's patents were for the industrial production of penicillin.

Louis Marius Moyroud
Invented the first practical phototypesetting machine.

K Alex Muller
In 1986, Alex Müller and Johannes Georg Bednorz invented the first high-temperature superconductor.

Kary Banks Mullis
Invented PCR, the process for amplifying nucleic acids.

James Naismith
The Canadian physical education instructor who invented basketball in 1891.

John Napier
The Scottish mathematician who invented logarithms, the decimal point, and Napier's Bones.

Gerhard Neumann
Neumann created innovations in jet aircraft engines.

Alfred Neustadter
Invented the Rolodex.

Thomas Newcomen
Invented the atmospheric steam engine.

Sir Isaac Newton
Invented the reflecting telescope in 1668.

Julius Nieuwland
The inventor of the first synthetic rubber called neoprene.

Paul Gottlieb Nipkow
Invented a rotating-disk technology to transmit pictures over wire in 1884. The Nipkow Disk was the very first electromechanical television scanning system. Nipkow's system was abandoned early in the history of television for the electronic systems developed by later inventors.

Alfred Nobel
Invented dynamite.

Jean Nollet
Invented the electroscope - a device for detecting electric charge - in 1748.

Robert N Noyce
The co-founder of the Intel Corporation and the inventor-pioneer in semiconductor development. Jack Kilby and Robert N Noyce co-invented the integrated circuit.

Ellen Ochoa
Invented optical analysis systems and was the world's first Hispanic female astronaut.

Dr. Hans von Ohain
Co-inventor of the first jet engine.

Samuel O'Reilly
Samuel O'Reilly and the history of inventions related to tattoos.

Kenneth H Olsen
Invented vital computer components and is best known for inventing "Magnetic Core Memory" and for co-founding the Digital Equipment Corporation.

Scott Olson and Brennan Olson
Invented Rollerblades.

Elisha Graves Otis
Invented the elevator brake making safe elevators possible.

John Ott
A pioneer of full-spectrum lighting, Ott first became interested in the effects of artificial light while doing time-lapse photography.

Nicolaus August Otto
Invented the first practical alternative to the steam engine, the "Four-Stroke Internal-Combustion Engine" or gas motor engine in 1876. He named his invention the "Otto Cycle Engine". As soon as he had completed his engine, Otto invented a motorcycle to use it with.

James Paige
Paige received a patent for the Mark Twain funded Paige Typesetter, a competitor to the linotype machine patented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.

Alice H. Parker
Invented a new and improved gas heating furnace.

Louis Parker
Louis Parker received a patent for the first television receiver.

John Parsons
John Parsons' invention changed the control of machines and industrial processes to make more precise functions.

Blaise Pascal
The French scientist, Blaise Pascal has been credited with inventing the very first digital calculator.

Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur discovered that most infectious diseases are caused by germs, known as the "germ theory of disease". Pasteur created inventions based on fermentation, such as improved brewing methods and pasteurization. The history of pasteurization.

Robert Patch
Invented a toy truck at the age of six.

Arthur Paul Pedrick
The king of wacky patents.

Lester Pelton
Invented a type of free-jet water turbine called the Pelton Wheel or Pelton turbine.

John Pemberton
Invented Coca-Cola.

Edwin Perkins
Edwin Perkins invented Kool-Aid in 1927.

Jacob Perkins
Jacob Perkins was a noted inventor of various types of machinery including steel engraving plates for bank notes.

Charles Plank
Charles Plank co-invented the first zeolite catalyst, which made gasoline production possible.

Roy Plunkett
Roy Plunkett invented tetrafluoroethylene polymers, known as Teflon.

Valdemar Poulsen
The arc transmitter which - contrary to all previous types of radio transmitters - generated continuous radio waves was invented by the Danish engineer Valdemar Poulsen in 1902. Poulsen also invented the telegraphone, for recording telephone conversations.

Joseph Priestley
Priestley invented soda water and co-discovered oxygen.

Dr. Dietrich Prinz
Dr. Dietrich Prinz wrote the original chess-playing program for a general purpose computer.

Gaspard de Prony
Famous mathematician who invented the Prony brake - dynamometer.

James Puckle
Inventor of the Puckle gun

George Pullman
George Pullman invented the Pullman Sleeping Car in 1857. The history of railroads.

Michael Pupin
Michael Pupin improved the quality of long-distance telephone and telegraph transmissions.

Willam Purvis
Invented several inventions including an improved fountain pen.

Jacob Rabinow
Jacob Rabinow received a patent for a automated scanning and sorting machines.

Cordell Reed
Improved nuclear electric power.

Dr Wilhelm Reich
Built the dangerous orgone accumulator.

Jesse W Reno
In 1891, Jesse Reno created a new novelty ride at Coney Island. This lead to the invention of the escalator.

Ronald J Riley
Invented automated electrified monorail systems.

Norbert Rillieux
Invented the sugar processing evaporator. The history of sugar.

Dr. Robert Rines
The history of high definition radar and the sonogram. Rines is a patent attorney, a founder of the Franklin Pierce Law Center and a chaser of Loch Ness monster.

James Ritty
Invented what was nicknamed the Incorruptible Cashier - or the first working mechanical cash register.

Louis Roberts
His research interests focused on microwave and optical techniques and components, plasma research, solid state component and circuit development.

Heinrich Rohrer
Received a patent for the scanning tunneling microscope. The history of microscopes.

Edward J Rosinski
Edward Rosinski co-invented the first zeolite catalyst, making the production of gasoline possible.

Erik Rotheim - Eric Rotheim
Erik Rotheim (also spelled Eric Rotheim) of Norway patented the first aerosol can and valve that could hold and dispense products and propellant systems.

Betty Rozier and Lisa Vallino
This mother and daughter team invented the intravenous catheter shield.

Benjamin A Rubin
Benjamin Rubin invented the vaccination needle.

Enro Rubik
Enro Rubik invented the most popular puzzle in history, Rubik's Cube.

Count Rumford
Count Rumford (aka Benjamin Thompson) invented the Rumford fireplace in 1796.

James T Russell
James Russell invented the compact disc.

Edwin Ruud
Edwin Ruud received a patent for the automatic storage water heater in 1889.

Ralph Samuelson
Ralph Samuelson, an eighteen-year-old from Minnesota, proposed the idea that if you could ski on snow, then you could ski on water. He invented waterskiing in 1922.

Santorio Santorio
Santorio invented several instruments: a wind gauge, a water current meter, the "pulsilogium" and a thermoscope (precursor to the thermometer).

Lewis Hastings Sarett
Lewis Sarett received a patent for a synthetic version of the hormone cortisone.

Viktor Schauberger
Viktor Schauberger is the father of cold fusion energy, derived naturally and non-invasively from the simple use of air and water, and the creator of the first ever, non-energy consuming 'flying disc'.

Arthur Schawlow
Arthur Schawlow received a patent for the maser laser.

Charles Seeberger
The history of the escalator.

Patsy Sherman
Sherman received a patent for Scotchgard.

Henry Shrapnel
Shrapnel is a type of antipersonnel projectile named after its famous inventor, Henry Shrapnel.

Peter Schultz
Peter Schultz created fiber-optic communications inventions and co-invented fiber-optic wire.

Robert Seiwald
Robert Seiwald received a patent for the first antibody labeling agent.

Ignaz Semmelweis
History of antiseptics.

Waldo Semon
Waldo Semon invented a way to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) useful.

John Sheehan
John Sheehan received a patent for synthesis of natural penicillin.

William Bradford Shockley
William Shockley received a patent for the transistor. The history of the transistor.

Christopher Latham Sholes
Invented the first practical modern typewriter.

Arthur Sicard
Canadian famous inventor, Arthur Sicard invented the snowblower in 1925.

Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky invented fixed winged and multi-engined aircraft, transoceanic flying boats and helicopters.

Spencer Silver
Invented the glue for Post-It Notes.

Luther Simjian
He is most famous for his invention of the Bankmatic automatic teller machine (ATM).

Issac Merrit Singer
Invented a popular sewing machine.

Harold Smith
Harold Smith and the history of Crayola Crayons.

Ernest Solvay
Solvay received a patent for the industrial process for sodium carbonate production in 1861.

Carl Sontheimer
Carl Sontheimer invented the Cuisinart.

James Spangler
James Spangler invented a portable electric vacuum cleaner - the Hoover.

Percy Spencer
Percy Spencer invented the microwave oven.

Elmer Sperry
Elmer Sperry invented the gyroscopic compass and gyroscope-guided automatic pilots for ships, airplanes and spacecraft.

Richie Stachowski
Richie Stachowski was the kid famous inventor who invented the Water Talkies.

John Standard
An improved refrigerator design was patented by African American, John Standard.

William Stanley Jr
William Stanley received a patent for the induction coil.

Levi Strauss
Levi Strauss and the history of blue jeans.

Charles Proteus Steinmetz
Charles Steinmetz developed theories on alternating current, that allowed for the rapid expansion of the electric power industry.

John Stevens
The "father" of the American railroad.

Thomas Stewart
Stewart invented an improved mop, metal bender, and railroad crossing indicator.

George R Stibitz
George Stibitz is recognized as being the father of the modern digital computer.

Rufus Stokes
Rufus Stokes invented a exhaust purifier and an air pollution control device.

William Sturgeon
British electrician, William Sturgeon invented the electromagnet in 1825.

Gideon Sundback
Gideon Sundback received a patent for the "Separable Fastener" or zipper.

Sir Joseph Wilson Swan
Swan produced an early electric light bulb and invented the dry photographic plate.

Byron and Melody Swetland
An interview with the creators of Tekno Bubbles, a innovative variation on the old blowing bubbles that glow under black lights and smell like raspberries.

Leo Szilard
Leo Szilard invented the nuclear fission reactor in 1955.

Donalee L Tabern
Donalee Tabern received a patent for the general anesthetic, Pentothal.

Rusi Taleyarkhan
Rusi Taleyarkhan and team invented a bubble fusion reactor. Taleyarkhan has also invented variable velocity bullets used in a futuristic stun gun.

Toyoichi Tanaka
Toyoichi Tanaka received a patent for Smart Gels, a synthetic (polyacrylamide) polymer gel with unusual properties.

Ralph Teetor
Unstopped by his blindness, Ralph Teetor invented cruise control.

Edward Teller
The history of hydrogen bomb.

Lewis Temple
The toggle iron harpoon was designed in 1848 by Lewis Temple, this was the standard harpoon used in American whaling from the mid-19th through the early 20th centuries.

Nikola Tesla
He invented an AC motor and transformer, X-Ray technology, a vacuum tube amplifier and the Tesla Coil. Nikola Tesla claimed the invention of an electrical generator that would not "consume any fuel". The Supreme Court overturned Marconi's radio patent in 1943, in favor of Tesla's patent.

Mark Thatcher
Mark Thatcher invented Teva Sandals.

Valerie Thomas
Received a patent in 1980 for inventing an illusion transmitter.

Benjamin Thompson/Count Rumford
Count Rumford (aka Benjamin Thompson) invented the Rumford fireplace in 1796.

John Thompson
Inventor of the Tommy gun.

John Henry Thompson
Invented lingo programming used in Macromedia Director and Shockwave.

Benjamin Tilghman
Benjamin Tilghman received the first British patent for sand blasting equipment in 1870.

Henry Timken
Henry Timken received a patent for the Timken or tapered roller

Max Tishler
Max Tishler invented methods for synthesizing the essential vitamin B2 and a poultry disease antibiotic.

Charles Townes
Charles Townes invented the Maser (Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission).

Brent Townshend
The 56K modem was invented by Dr. Brent Townshend in 1996.

Jethro Tull
Agricultural pioneer who invented the seed drill in 1701.

Earl S Tupper
Earl Tupper invented Tupperware.

Evangelista Torricelli
The barometer was invented by Evangelista Torricelli in 1643. The history of the barometer.

Richard Trevithick
The first locomotive in the world was built by Richard Trevithick in 1804.

Ann Tsukamoto
The co-patenter of a process to isolate the human stem cell.

Lisa M Vallino
The mother and daughter team that invented the intravenous catheter shield.

Tuan Vo-Dinh
Invented optical diagnostic equipment. Vo-Dinh's patents were for a badge worn on a worker's shirt that recorded exposure to toxic chemicals and for a optical scanner that would read that badge.

Alessandro Volta
Invented the voltaic pile, a forerunner to the electric battery. The history of batteries.

Ernest H Volwiler
Ernest Volwiler co-invented the general anesthetic, Pentothal.

Otto von Guericke
The inventor of the nothing we call a vacuum.

Georg Von Hevesy
Conceived the idea of using radioactive tracers

Craven Walker
Craven Walker invented the swinging 60's icon, the Lava Lite® lamp.

Hildreth "Hal" Walker
Hal Walker received a patent for laser telemetry and targeting systems.

Madame Walker
Madame Walker was a St. Louis washerwoman turned entrepreneur, who invented a method to soften and smooth kinky hair.

Mary Walton
Mary Walton invented several anti-pollution devices during the Industrial Revolution.

An Wang
An Wang received a patent for the principles of magnetic core memory.

Harry Wasylyk
Harry Wasylyk invented the green garbage bag.

Lewis Edson Waterman
Lewis Edson Waterman invented an improved fountain pen.

James Watt
James Watt invented improvements to the steam engine.

Robert Weitbrecht
Robert Weitbrecht invented TTY also called TDD or the tele-typewriter.

James Edward West
James West holds 47 US and more than 200 foreign patents on microphones and techniques for making polymer foil-electrets.

George Westinghouse
George Westinghouse perfected the first automatic, electric block signal. He helped spearhead the development of alternating current and figured out an efficient way to transmit clean, natural gas to homes. He invented an improvement to steam-powered brakes or air brakes.

Don Wetzel
Don Wetzel and the history of the modern automated teller machines (ATM).

Charles Wheatstone
Invented an early telegraph, microphone, and the accordion.

Schulyer Wheeler
In 1886, Schulyer Wheeler invented the electric fan.

John Thomas White
African American, John White patented a lemon squeezer in 1896.

Eli Whitney
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1794. The cotton gin is a machine that separates seeds, hulls and other unwanted materials from cotton after it has been picked.

Sir Frank Whittle
Hans von Ohain and Frank Whittle and the history of the jet engine.

Stephen Wilcox
Stephen Wilcox received a patent for of the water tube steam boiler.

Dr Daniel Hale Williams
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams was a pioneer in open heart surgery.

Robert R Williams
Robert Williams invented ways to synthesize vitamins.

Thomas Willson
Thomas Leopold Willson invented a process for Calcium Carbide.

Carol Wior
Invented the Slimsuit, a slimming swimsuit.

Joseph Winters
Patented the fire escape ladder.

Granville T Woods
Granville Woods invented improvements to electric railways, air brakes, telephones and telegraphs, a chicken egg incubator and an apparatus for an amusement park ride.

Steven Wozniak
Steven Wozniak was the co-founder of Apple Computers.

Wilbur and Orville Wright
Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright received a patent for a "flying machine" that we know as the airplane.

Arthur Wynne
Arthur Wynne invented the crossword puzzle.

Gumpei Yokoi
Gumpei Yokoi was the creator of the Game Boy.

Hajib (Gene) Zaid
Hajib Zaid invented corrosion inhibitor industrial chemicals.

Frank Zamboni
Frank Zamboni invented the ice resurfacing machine called the zamboni.

Ferdinand Zeppelin
Ferdinand Zeppelin invented the rigid dirigible, a lighter-than-air vehicle called the zeppelin.

Konrad Zuse
Konrad Zuse was the inventor of the first freely programmable computer.

Vladimir Kosma Zworykin
Vladimir Zworykin invented the cathode-ray tube called the kinescope in 1929, a tube needed for television transmission. Zworykin also invented the iconoscope, an early television camera




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